Using Small-Angle Scattering Techniques to Understand Mechanical Properties of Biopolymer-Based Biomaterials.

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TitleUsing Small-Angle Scattering Techniques to Understand Mechanical Properties of Biopolymer-Based Biomaterials.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsHyland, LL, Taraban, MB, Y Yu, B
JournalSoft Matter
Volume9
Issue43
Date Published2013 Nov 21
ISSN1744-6848
Abstract

The design and engineering of innovative biopolymer-based biomaterials for a variety of biomedical applications should be based on the understanding of the relationship between their nanoscale structure and mechanical properties. Down the road, such understanding could be fundamental to tune the properties of engineered tissues, extracellular matrices for cell delivery and proliferation/differentiation, etc. In this tutorial review, we attempt to show in what way biomaterial structural data can help to understand the bulk material properties. We begin with some background on common types of biopolymers used in biomaterials research, discuss some typical mechanical testing techniques and then review how others in the field of biomaterials have utilized small-angle scattering for material characterization. Detailed examples are then used to show the full range of possible characterization techniques available for biopolymer-based biomaterials. Future developments in the area of material characterization by small-angle scattering will undoubtedly facilitate the use of structural data to control the kinetics of assembly and final properties of prospective biomaterials.

DOI10.1039/C3SM51209F
Alternate JournalSoft Matter
PubMed ID24273590
PubMed Central IDPMC3835338
Grant ListR01 EB004416 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States
R01 EB012003 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States