Structural insights into DNA-stabilized silver clusters.

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TitleStructural insights into DNA-stabilized silver clusters.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsSchultz, D, Brinson, RG, Sari, N, Fagan, JA, Bergonzo, C, Lin, NJ, Dunkers, JP
JournalSoft Matter
Date Published2019 May 16
ISSN1744-6848
Abstract

Despite their great promise as fluorescent biological probes and sensors, the structure and dynamics of Ag complexes derived from single stranded DNA (ssDNA) are less understood than their double stranded counterparts. In this work, we seek new insights into the structure of single AgNssDNA clusters using analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC), nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations (MD) of a fluorescent (AgNssDNA)8+ nanocluster. The results suggest that the purified (AgNssDNA)8+ nanocluster is a mixture of predominantly Ag15 and Ag16 species that prefer two distinct long-lived conformational states: one extended, the other approaching spherical. However, the ssDNA strands within these clusters are highly mobile. Ag(i) interacts preferentially with the nucleobase rather than the phosphate backbone, causing a restructuring of the DNA strand relative to the bare DNA. Infrared spectroscopy and MD simulations of (AgNssDNA)8+ and model nucleic acid homopolymers suggest that Ag(i) has a higher affinity for cytosine over guanine bases, little interaction with adenine, and virtually none with thymine. Ag(i) shows a tendency to interact with cytosine N3 and O2 and guanine N7 and O6, opening the possibility for a Ag(i)-base bifurcated bond to act as a nanocluster nucleation and strand stabilizing site. This work provides valuable insight into nanocluster structure and dynamics which drive stability and optical properties, and additional studies using these types of characterization techniques are important for the rational design of single stranded AgDNA nanocluster sensors.

DOI10.1039/c9sm00198k
Alternate JournalSoft Matter
PubMed ID31094392