|Title||How carrier size and valency modulate receptor-mediated signaling: understanding the link between binding and endocytosis of ICAM-1-targeted carriers.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Serrano, D, Manthe, RL, Paul, E, Chadha, R, Muro, S|
|Date Published||2016 Sep 1|
Targeting of drug carriers to endocytic cell-receptors facilitates intracellular drug delivery. Carrier size and number of targeting moieties (valency) influence cell binding and uptake. However, how these parameters influence receptor-mediated cell-signaling (the link between binding and uptake) remains uncharacterized. We studied this using polymer carriers of different sizes and valencies, targeted to endothelial intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), a marker overexpressed in many pathologies. Unexpectedly, induction of cell-signals (ceramide and PKC enrichment and activation) and uptake, were independent of: carrier avidity, total number of carriers bound per cell, cumulative cell-surface area occupied by carriers, number of targeting antibodies at the carrier-cell contact, and cumulative receptor engagement by all bound carriers. Instead, "valency density" (number of antibodies per carrier surface area) ruled signaling, and carrier size independently influenced uptake. These results are key to understanding the interplay between carrier design parameters and receptor-mediated signaling conducive to endocytosis, paramount for intracellular drug delivery.