Reaction network governing diphosphine-protected gold nanocluster formation from nascent cationic platforms.

Printer-friendly versionPrinter-friendly versionPDF versionPDF version
TitleReaction network governing diphosphine-protected gold nanocluster formation from nascent cationic platforms.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsPettibone, JM, Hudgens, JW
JournalPhys Chem Chem Phys
Volume14
Issue12
Pagination4142-54
Date Published2012 Mar 28
ISSN1463-9084
KeywordsCations, Gold, Nanostructures, Organometallic Compounds, Phosphines
Abstract

We identify the reaction network governing gold monolayer protected cluster (MPC) formation during the reduction of Au(PPh(3))Cl and L(5) (L(5) = 1,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)pentane) in solutions. UV-vis spectroscopy and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) monitored the formation of ligated Au(x): 6 ≤ x ≤ 12 clusters, which comprise the reaction intermediates and final products. Initially, predominantly [Au(2)L(5)(2)](2+) complexes form through dissolution of Au(PPh(3))Cl. These complexes control the reduction and nucleation reactions that form nascent phosphine-ligated Au(8) and Au(10) ionic clusters. [Au(10)L(5)(4)](2+) is an observed growth platform for ligated Au(11) and Au(12) clusters. The data for syntheses of Au : L(5) systems evidence that the nascent reaction products (t < 3 days) are less dependent on the chosen reducing agent (borane tert-butylamine complex or NaBH(4)); instead, after reduction ceases, subsequent solution phase processing provides greater control for tuning cluster nuclearity.

DOI10.1039/c2cp22865c
Alternate JournalPhys Chem Chem Phys
PubMed ID22337143