Evolved Quorum Sensing Regulator, LsrR, for Altered Switching Functions.

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TitleEvolved Quorum Sensing Regulator, LsrR, for Altered Switching Functions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsAdams, BL, Carter, KK, Guo, M, Wu, H-C, Tsao, C-Y, Sintim, HO, Valdes, JJ, Bentley, WE
JournalACS Synth Biol
Date Published2013 Oct 10
Abstract<p>In order to carry out innovative complex, multistep synthetic biology functions, members of a cell population often must communicate with one another to coordinate processes in a programmed manner. It therefore follows that native microbial communication systems are a conspicuous target for developing engineered populations and networks. Quorum sensing (QS) is a highly conserved mechanism of bacterial cell-cell communication and QS-based synthetic signal transduction pathways represent a new generation of biotechnology toolbox members. Specifically, the E. coli QS master regulator, LsrR, is uniquely positioned to actuate gene expression in response to a QS signal. In order to expand the use of LsrR in synthetic biology, two novel LsrR switches were generated through directed evolution: an "enhanced" repression and derepression eLsrR and a reversed repression/derepression function "activator" aLsrR. Protein modeling and docking studies are presented to gain insight into the QS signal binding to these two evolved proteins and their newly acquired functionality. We demonstrated the use of the aLsrR switch using a coculture system in which a QS signal, produced by one bacterial strain, is used to inhibit gene expression via aLsrR in a different strain. These first ever AI-2 controlled synthetic switches allow gene expression from the lsr promoter to be tuned simultaneously in two distinct cell populations. This work expands the tools available to create engineered microbial populations capable of carrying out complex functions necessary for the development of advanced synthetic products.</p>
Alternate JournalACS Synth Biol
PubMed ID24111753