|Title||Chitosan based water-resistant adhesive. Analogy to mussel glue.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2000|
|Authors||Yamada, K, Chen, T, Kumar, G, Vesnovsky, O, Topoleski, LD, Payne, GF|
|Date Published||2000 Summer|
|Keywords||Adhesives, Animals, Bivalvia, Chemistry, Physical, Chitin, Chitosan, Dopamine, Monophenol Monooxygenase, Physicochemical Phenomena, Quinones, Rheology, Solubility, Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet, Viscosity|
Using analogies from nature, we investigated the possibility that tyrosinase-catalyzed reactions of 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (dopamine) could confer water-resistant adhesive properties to semidilute solutions of the polysaccharide chitosan. Rheological measurements showed that the tyrosinase-catalyzed, and subsequent uncatalyzed, reactions lead to substantial increases in the viscosity of the chitosan solutions. Samples from these high-viscosity modified-chitosans were spread onto dry glass slides, the slides were lapped and clipped together either in air or after being submerged in water, and the bound slides were held under water for several hours. Adhesive shear strengths of over 400 kPa were observed for these modified chitosan samples, while control chitosan solutions conferred no adhesive strength (i.e., the glass slides separated in the absence of measurable forces). High viscosities and water-resistant adhesive strengths were also observed when semidilute chitosan solutions were treated with the known cross-linking agent, glutaraldehyde. Further studies indicate a relationship between the increased viscosities and water-resistant adhesion. These results demonstrate that the renewable biopolymer chitosan can be converted into a water-resistant adhesive.