Utilizing renewable resources to create functional polymers: chitosan-based associative thickener.

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TitleUtilizing renewable resources to create functional polymers: chitosan-based associative thickener.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsWu, L-Q, Embree, HD, Balgley, BM, Smith, PJ, Payne, GF
JournalEnviron Sci Technol
Volume36
Issue15
Pagination3446-54
Date Published2002 Aug 1
ISSN0013-936X
KeywordsBiocompatible Materials, Biopolymers, Catechin, Chemistry, Physical, Chitin, Chitosan, Conservation of Natural Resources, Monophenol Monooxygenase, Physicochemical Phenomena, Solubility
Abstract

There is a growing interest in utilizing renewable resources and exploiting biological reactions for environmentally friendly products and processes. We report the use of the enzyme tyrosinase to graft the natural phenol, catechin, onto the biopolymer chitosan. Chemical evidence for grafting was obtained by UV/visible spectrophotometry and electrospray mass spectrometry. Rheological measurements demonstrate that the catechin-modified chitosan behaves as an associative thickener. Specifically, the viscosity increases dramatically with concentration of this modified chitosan. Furthermore, when the catechin-modified chitosan is dissolved at low concentrations (0.6% w/w), steady shear measurements show shear thinning behavior, while oscillatory measurements show weak gel behavior. These results demonstrate the potential for utilizing renewable resources and biochemical processing to functionalize biopolymersto offertechnically useful properties. To suggest the relative environmental impacts of chitosan derivatives with existing water-soluble polymers, we used the framework of a life cycle assessment.

Alternate JournalEnviron. Sci. Technol.
PubMed ID12188378