Specific and common alterations in host gene transcript accumulation following infection of the chestnut blight fungus by mild and severe hypoviruses.

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TitleSpecific and common alterations in host gene transcript accumulation following infection of the chestnut blight fungus by mild and severe hypoviruses.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsAllen, TD, Nuss, DL
JournalJ Virol
Volume78
Issue8
Pagination4145-55
Date Published2004 Apr
ISSN0022-538X
KeywordsAscomycota, Gene Expression Profiling, Genes, Fungal, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, RNA Viruses, Transcription, Genetic, Virulence
Abstract

We report the use of a cDNA microarray to monitor global transcriptional responses of the chestnut blight fungus, Cryphonectria parasitica, to infection by mild and severe isolates of virulence-attenuating hypoviruses that share 87 to 93% and 90 to 98% identity at the nucleotide and amino acid levels, respectively. Infection by the mild hypovirus isolate CHV1-Euro7 resulted in differential expression of 166 of the ca. 2,200 genes represented on the microarray (90 upregulated and 76 downregulated). This is roughly half the number of genes scored as differentially expressed after infection by the severe isolate, CHV1-EP713 (295 genes; 132 upregulated and 163 downregulated). Comparison of the lists of genes responsive to infection by the two hypovirus isolates revealed 80 virus-common responsive genes. Infection by CHV1-EP713 also caused changes in gene transcript accumulation that were, in general, of greater magnitude than those observed with CHV1-Euro7 infections. Thus, the host transcriptional response to infection by severe hypovirus CHV1-EP713 appears to be considerably more dynamic than the response to infection by the mild isolate CHV1-Euro7. Real-time reverse transcription-PCR was performed on 39 different clones, with false-positive rates of 3 and 8% observed for the microarray-predicted list of genes responsive to CHV1-EP713 and CHV1-Euro7 infections, respectively. This analysis has allowed an initial assignment for ca. 2,200 unique C. parasitica-expressed genes as being unresponsive to hypovirus infection, selectively responsive to a specific hypovirus, or generally responsive to hypovirus infection.

Alternate JournalJ. Virol.
PubMed ID15047830
PubMed Central IDPMC374289
Grant ListGM55981 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States