Endothelial targeting of high-affinity multivalent polymer nanocarriers directed to intercellular adhesion molecule 1.

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TitleEndothelial targeting of high-affinity multivalent polymer nanocarriers directed to intercellular adhesion molecule 1.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsMuro, S, Dziubla, T, Qiu, W, Leferovich, J, Cui, X, Berk, E, Muzykantov, VR
JournalJ Pharmacol Exp Ther
Date Published2006 Jun
KeywordsAnimals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Antibody Affinity, Drug Carriers, Endothelial Cells, Endothelium, Vascular, Glycolates, Humans, Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1, Lactic Acid, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Nanostructures, Particle Size, Polyglycolic Acid, Polymers, Polystyrenes, Rats, Rats, Sprague-Dawley

Targeting of diagnostic and therapeutic agents to endothelial cells (ECs) provides an avenue to improve treatment of many maladies. For example, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), a constitutive endothelial cell adhesion molecule up-regulated in many diseases, is a good determinant for endothelial targeting of therapeutic enzymes and polymer nanocarriers (PNCs) conjugated with anti-ICAM (anti-ICAM/PNCs). However, intrinsic and extrinsic factors that control targeting of anti-ICAM/PNCs to ECs (e.g., anti-ICAM affinity and PNC valency and flow) have not been defined. In this study we tested in vitro and in vivo parameters of targeting to ECs of anti-ICAM/PNCs consisting of either prototype polystyrene or biodegradable poly(lactic-coglycolic) acid polymers (approximately 200 nm diameter spheres carrying approximately 200 anti-ICAM molecules). Anti-ICAM/PNCs, but not control IgG/PNCs 1) rapidly (t1/2 approximately 5 min) and specifically bound to tumor necrosis factor-activated ECs in a dose-dependent manner (Bmax approximately 350 PNC/cell) at both static and physiological shear stress conditions and 2) bound to ECs and accumulated in the pulmonary vasculature after i.v. injection in mice. Anti-ICAM/PNCs displayed markedly higher EC affinity versus naked anti-ICAM (Kd approximately 80 pM versus approximately 8 nM) in cell culture and, probably because of this factor, higher value (185.3 +/- 24.2 versus 50.5 +/- 1.5% injected dose/g) and selectivity (lung/blood ratio 81.0 +/- 10.9 versus 2.1 +/- 0.02, in part due to faster blood clearance) of pulmonary targeting. These results 1) show that reformatting monomolecular anti-ICAM into high-affinity multivalent PNCs boosts their vascular immuno-targeting, which withstands physiological hydrodynamics and 2) support potential anti-ICAM/PNCs utility for medical applications.

Alternate JournalJ. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.
PubMed ID16505161
Grant ListHL/GM 71175-01 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
P01 HL0790063 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States