Amplified and in situ detection of redox-active metabolite using a biobased redox capacitor.

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TitleAmplified and in situ detection of redox-active metabolite using a biobased redox capacitor.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsKim, E, Gordonov, T, Bentley, WE, Payne, GF
JournalAnal Chem
Volume85
Issue4
Pagination2102-8
Date Published2013 Feb 19
ISSN1520-6882
Abstract

Redox cycling provides a mechanism to amplify electrochemical signals for analyte detection. Previous studies have shown that diverse mediators/shuttles can engage in redox-cycling reactions with a biobased redox capacitor that is fabricated by grafting redox-active catechols onto a chitosan film. Here, we report that redox cycling with this catechol-chitosan redox capacitor can amplify electrochemical signals for detecting a redox-active bacterial metabolite. Specifically, we studied the redox-active bacterial metabolite pyocyanin that is reported to be a virulence factor and signaling molecule for the opportunistic pathogen P. aeruginosa. We demonstrate that redox cycling can amplify outputs from various electrochemical methods (cyclic voltammetry, chronocoulometry, and differential pulse voltammetry) and can lower the detection limit of pyocyanin to 50 nM. Further, the compatibility of this biobased redox capacitor allows the in situ monitoring of the production of redox-active metabolites (e.g., pyocyanin) during the course of P. aeruginosa cultivation. We anticipate that the amplified output of redox-active virulence factors should permit an earlier detection of life-threatening infections by the opportunistic pathogen P. aeruginosa while the "bio-compatibility" of this measurement approach should facilitate in situ study of the spatiotemporal dynamics of bacterial redox signaling.

DOI10.1021/ac302703y
Alternate JournalAnal. Chem.
PubMed ID23311878